How to register your business in Nigeria

Registering a business in Nigeria involves several steps and compliance with specific regulations set by the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). Here’s a detailed guide on how to register your business in Nigeria:

1. Choose the Type of Business Structure

Before registration, determine the type of business structure you want to operate. The common types include:

  • Sole Proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC)
  • Incorporated Trustee (Non-Profit Organization)
  • Public Limited Company (PLC)

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2. Check for Availability of the Business Name

We need to check if your desired business name is available. This can be done by sending your business name to the CAC’s personnel for the availability.

3. Reserve the Business Name

If your business name is available, we can proceed to reserve it and let you know. This step ensures that the name is held for you for a specific period (usually 60 days), remember that.

4. Complete the Pre-registration Form (CAC 1.1)

You need to complete the necessary pre-registration form, known as CAC 1.1 and we will need all the information involves in this form. This form requires details such as:

  • Type of business
  • Business name
  • Business address
  • Details of proprietors, partners, or directors
  • Nature of the business

5. Pay the Filing Fees

After filling the pre-registration form, we will be required to pay the appropriate filing fees. This can be done by sending all your information to the CAC.

6. Prepare the Required Documents

Depending on the type of business, the required documents may vary. Generally, you need the following:

  • Completed CAC 1.1 form
  • Payment receipt of the filing fee
  • Memorandum and Articles of Association (for LLCs)
  • Proficiency certificate (if applicable)
  • Means of identification of the directors or proprietors (e.g., National ID, Passport, Driver’s License)
  • Evidence of the company’s registered address

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7. Submit the Documents

We need to submit the completed forms and the required documents to the CAC either virtually or physically at a CAC office.

8. Collect the Certificate of Incorporation

Once your documents are verified and approved, the CAC will issue a Certificate of Incorporation. This certificate is proof that your business is legally registered.

Additional Steps

1. Register for Tax

After obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation, you must register for tax purposes with the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS). This includes getting a Tax Identification Number (TIN). This can be done for you also but with additional charges because the payments are separate.

2. Register for VAT

If your business is liable to Value Added Tax (VAT), you must also register for VAT with the FIRS.

3. Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses

Depending on your business type and industry, you might need additional permits and licenses from relevant regulatory bodies.

Tips for a Smooth Registration Process

  • Ensure all information provided is accurate and complete.
  • Keep all receipts and documents safe.
  • We will be Regularly check the CAC for updates on your application status.

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By following these steps and ensuring all requirements are met, you can successfully register your business in Nigeria and commence operations legally.

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